Liiklus Saksamaal

As a successful exporter and tourist destination at the heart of Europe, Germany has set out to shape and modernize its transport system to enable the best possible use to be made thereof, particularly with a view to improving people's quality of life, environmental friendliness and cost efficiency.

In view of the limited financial resources and lack of space available, this cannot be achieved simply by building new transport routes. What we need to do is to create the conditions to make more efficient use of the existing network. We also want to make transport an attractive target for innovation, for example the use of satellite technology.

This is why our future transport strategy aims at optimizing the entire system. The efficient networking of transport modes, the safeguarding of transport variety and the use of new logistics concepts help us achieve this end. Therefore the German Government is pursuing an integrated transport policy, i.e. the integration of investment-policy, regulatory and innovation-policy instruments encompassing all modes of transport. Only this package of coordinated measures will lead to tangible improvements in the transport system.

But transport is not only a vital factor in Europe's competitiveness. It is also in turn influenced to a great extent by Europe. We will thus pay even greater attention to the European repercussions of our transport policy and to the interaction of European and national decision-making.

http://www.bmvbs.de/en

A 9 Nürnberg-München

Federal Trunk Roads

The Federal Republic of Germany is Europe's No. 1 transit country. Germany's inter-urban road network has a length of more than 231,000 kilometres. Federal trunk roads presently account for about 53,400 kilometres (23%) of this network, with motorways making up around 12,500 kilometres and federal highways making up around 41,000 kilometres. The federal trunk roads are of vital and continuously increasing importance for Germany due to the country's location at the heart of Europe. They absorb more than half of total national traffic.

Current estimates assume a twofold increase in goods transport in Germany to 2050, much of which will be likely to use the roads even in the long term. Passenger transport, too, will to a considerable degree depend on the car in spite of long-term demographic changes.

If Germany's trunk roads are to remain modern and of a high capacity, gaps in the network must be closed and motorways widened, the existing infrastructure – a valuable public asset – must be maintained in a good condition and interlinkages with the other modes must be optimized.

Highly developed economies such as Germany need to establish close links between private and public transport in order to ensure highly efficient passenger and freight transport operations, as well as to achieve the German Government's climate-policy objectives.

HGV toll, ban on HGV at weekends, school holidays

HGV motorway toll

Since 2005 HGV over 12 tonnes have had to pay a toll for using German motorways, depending on the mileage, due to the fact that they cause much greater surface wear and tear than cars. Fees are calculated electronically, on the move, using a state-of-the-art satellite system. For details see www.tollcollect.de

HGV driving bans

Vehicles weighing more than 7.5t and any commercial vehicle with a trailer are not allowed to travel on German roads on Sundays and on public holidays between midnight and 10 p.m. This ban applies to all German roads (in line with para 30.3 sentence 1 of the Highway Code (StVO)).

Exceptions to the ban are:

- trucks carrying containers participating in "combined transport" (by rail or ship), with limits being placed on the distance to be carried by road,

- trucks carrying goods to or from ports ("combined transport"), with limits being placed on the distance to be carried by road,

- HGV transporting perishable foodstuffs (and empty return trips), and

- trucks travelling on manoeuvres under the Federal Requisitioning Act (Bundesleistungsgesetz)

(for the full text of the Highway Code (in German) see www.bmvbs.de / Verkehr, Straße, Straßenverkehrs-Ordnung.

Under the administrative regulation relating to the Highway Code, the following vehicles are also exempt from the driving ban:

- trucks without a trailer,

- trucks with a small auxiliary trailer, and

- vehicles where the objects carried form part of the inventory (e.g. show vehicles).

Under para 46.1.7 of the Highway Code, the Land traffic authorities may issue specific applicants with general or individual permits; however, the administrative regulation allows such permits only in emergencies, and economic or competition reasons alone are not sufficient grounds for issuance.

Alongside the general ban on HGV on Sundays and public holidays, there is also a ban on heavy lorries using certain, well-frequented motorways and (a small number of) highways on Saturdays during the school holidays in July and August, between 7 a.m. and 8 p.m.  www.bmvbs.de

Public holidays:

New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Labour Day (1 May), Ascension Day, Whit Monday, Corpus Christi (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland only), Day of German Unity (3 October), Reformation Day (31 October,Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia only), All Saints' Day (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland only), Christmas Day and Boxing Day.

Flughafen Tegel

Air transport

From Germany there are air links to every corner of the globe. German airports process a considerable share of Europe's transit traffic.

In recent years Germany has grown in significance as a hub for air transport. This development was lent further impetus in 2004 with the EU's enlargement to the south and east. The liberalization of the internal market, launched in the EU in 1993, was instrumental in removing obstacles to air transport.

In Germany aviation administration is undertaken by the Federal Government and the federal states (Länder). The participation of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs in European and international air transport bodies is a key part of this administrative work.

Links to the air-transport associations:

ADV

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Verkehrsflughäfen (German Airports Association)

http://www.adv-net.org

BDF

Bundesverband der Deutschen Fluggesellschaften (Association of German Airlines)

http://www.BDFaero.de/

BDLI

Bundesverband der Deutschen Luft- und Raumfahrtindustrie e.V. (German Aerospace Industries Association)

http://www.bdli.de/

GBAA

German Business Aviation Association e.V.

http://www.gbaa.de/

Liiklus Saksamaal

Flughafen Tegel

Veokite sõidukeeld puhkuseperioodil

Saksamaa suurlinnade keskkonnatsoonid

Alates 01.01.2008 on Saksamaa linnadel ja valdadel võimalus sisse seada keskkonnatsoone. Neis tsoonides võivad sõita üksnes sõidukid, mis on varustatud vastava peentolmkleebisega (punane, kollane või roheline). Ilma kleebiseta sõidukit ähvardab rahatrahv!

Veoautode kiirteemaks Saksamaal ja sõidukeeld suvisel koolivaheajal

LKW eilig auf der Straße

1. jaanuarist 2009 jõustus Saksamaal veoautode kiirteemaksu uus kord, mille kohta leiate siit lisainfot. Lisaks teavitame veoautode sõidukeelust 2015. aasta suvisel koolivaheajal.

Info välismaiste juhilubade kasutamiseks Saksamaal

Elektroauto Mercedes

Saksamaa Liikluse, ehituse ja linnaarenduse ministeeriumi väljaantud infoleht teavitab tähtsamatest eeskirjadest EL ja Euroopa Majandusruumi (Island, Liechtenstein, Norra) liikmesriikides väljaantud juhilubade kasutamiseks Saksamaal. Lisaküsimustega pöörduda Saksa kohalike autoregistrikeskuste poole.

Rail network

ICE

Germany's rail network is a key part of the European transport system. With a length of 33,890 km it is the EU's longest network (approx. 17% in 2007), and around 31,870 trains use it daily. Since the Deutsche Bahn AG, a private-law-based company, was created with the merger of the former East German Reichsbahn and the West German Bundesbahn, Germany's largest rail enterprise is successfully undergoing a transition into a modern, 21st-century logistics and mobility company. With the productive cooperation of the various actors railways will play a major role in the German Government's integrated transport concept. The partial privatization of Deutsche Bahn is the right move towards maintaining its competitiveness in the planned single European rail market. This secures jobs and also benefits the passenger by ensuring punctual and modern trains and improved service at reasonable prices.

DB AG is Europe's leader in terms of rail goods transport mileage (tkm), accounting for around 24% of the EU total (in 2006).

As regards passenger transport DB AG, at 20.3%, is the EU's second-largest player after France's SNCF (2006 figures).

For further information on rail travel to or within Germany, or if you wish to book a journey, please use the following links:

Links

- Deutsche Bahn http://www.bahn.de/international/view/en/index.shtml

- Booking engine http://reiseauskunft.bahn.de/bin/query.exe/en